Balance & Vertigo

A balance disorder can be a feeling of dizziness, spinning or vertigo. There are many causes of balance issues, and not all are from inner ear problems. Part of mammals’ sense of balance is because the inner ear has structures called semicircular canals with ducts inside them. The ducts contain tiny hairs cells (stereocilia) and a thick gel structure called the cupula. When you turn your head, stand up or sit down, the gel moves against the stereocilia and tells the brain your body has changed orientation.

Vertigo

The most common form of vertigo is benign positional vertigo (BPV). BPV is a sensation similar to spinning and can be triggered by tilting your head up or down, turning over, lying down or getting up. If you have BPV, you may experience brief episodes of dizziness. BPV is caused by disturbances of the vestibular…

Read More

VNG (ENG)

The vestibular system in the inner ear is the primary sensory system when it comes to balance. If this system malfunctions, the patient will likely experience balance problems such as vertigo. When this happens, an audiologist can test the vestibular system using videonystamography (VNG) or electronystagmography (ENG) methods. These tests can determine the health of…

Read More

Vestibular

The vestibular system is the sensory system that contributes to our sense of balance and spatial orientation. The system is located in the inner ear and consists of the semicircular canals, the utricle, the saccule, the cupula, ampullae and the cochlea. The vestibular system sends signals to both the nerves in the eyes and the…

Read More

Benign Positional Vertigo

The most common form of vertigo is benign positional vertigo (BPV). BPV is a sensation similar to spinning and can be triggered by tilting your head up or down, turning over, lying down or getting up. If you have BPV, you may experience brief episodes of dizziness. BPV is caused by disturbances of the vestibular…

Read More

Epley

The Epley maneuver is a series of head movements that restores equilibrium of the vestibular system and relieves symptoms of benign positional vertigo (BPV). BPV is caused by disturbances of the vestibular system in the inner ear when crystals of calcium carbonate clog the semicircular canals and sensory receptors send mixed signals to the brain…

Read More

Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s disease is a disorder that attacks the inner ear and causes symptoms of vertigo (dizzy spells and nausea), hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and a plugged or pressurized feeling in the ears. Symptoms can last between twenty minutes and four hours. If left untreated, Meniere’s disease can cause permanent hearing loss. It…

Read More

Vestibular Neuronitis

Vestibular neuronitis is disease of the vestibular nerve that causes severe episodes of vertigo. The vestibular nerve is responsible for sending messages from the inner ear to the brain. If the vestibular nerves in each ear are sending different signals, the result is an inability to feel balanced. Vestibular neuronitis is most common in adults.…

Read More

Dizziness Questionnaire

If you are suffering from vertigo or dizzy spells, consider the following questions: 1. Do you experience any of the following symptoms of dizziness? Lightheadedness Tendency to fall or lose balance Sensation of spinning Headache Nausea with motion Vomiting 2. Do you suffer from any of the following hearing conditions? Hearing loss Tinnitus (ringing in…

Read More